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Maggie Geselbracht, Reed College
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Joined: 11/17/2007 - 11:00am

LiClO4 in PC electrolyte stability?

Time for a post for any non-organometallic folks...(although I may not get any responses!)

We are looking at cyclic voltammograms of cathode materials for lithium ion batteries and working in a typical electrolyte, 1M LiClO4 in propylene carbonate.  This electrolyte is hygroscopic, so we make up the solutions and store them in a glove box.

However, we are doing some spectroelectrochemistry outside of the box in an open cuvette that is also serving as our electrochemical cell.  My question is this:  since it is sort of a pain to put this under a nitrogen atmosphere during the experiment, I have been working with an open system, figuring I would worry about it if I saw any evidence of a problem with electrolyte degradation.  We always use fresh electrolyte and it is never exposed to the atmosphere for more than several hours.

I am assuming that the evidence of "a problem" would be some new peaks in the CV that crop up due to some new species in the electrolyte or a significant change in our electrochemical window.  So far, we haven't seen any evidence of either of these.  Can anyone think of any other signals that we should watch for that would indicate a problem with our electrolyte.  It would be really nice if we could continue to work without having to put the whole thing under an N2 blanket.

Chip Nataro, Lafayette College
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Joined: 04/14/2008 - 9:10am
I would say the simplest things to do would be to bubble oxygen through the solution and add water.  If nothing changes, I would say you are either ok or the stuff reacts in the time it takes you to get from the box to your set up.  I would have a rough idea of where to look for oxygen in the CV in organic solvents, but no real clue under conditions like this.
Asieh, Guilan university
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Joined: 09/08/2014 - 7:16am

Hi Maggie Geselbracht,

How did you make LiClO4/PC solution. I am trying. They are competely insoluble. It become a big dilemma for me! May you help me,plz?!