29 Jul 2019

Introduction to Drago's ECW Acid-Base Model

Five Slides About

Submitted by Colleen Partigianoni, Ferris State University

This LO was created to introduce Drago’s ECW model, which is an important contribution to the discussion of Lewis acid-base interactions. Unlike the qualitative Pearson’s HSAB model (Hard Soft Acid-Base model,) the quantitative ECW model can be used to correlate and predict the enthalpies of adduct formation and to obtain enthalpy changes for displacement or exchange reactions involving many Lewis acids and bases.  Unlike all other acid-base models, graphical displays of the ECW model clearly show that there is no one order of acid or base strengths, and illustrate that two parameters are needed for each acid and base to provide an order of acid or base strength.  The ECW model can also provide a measure of steric strain energy or pi bonding stabilization energy accompanying adduct formation, which is not possible with any other acid-base model. 

This set of slides is intended to provide a basic introduction to the model and several examples of predicting energy changes using the model. It also illustrates how to construct and interpret a graphical display of the model.

 It should be noted that this LO is not in the PowerPoint format, but instead is a more extensive set of notes for instructors who are not familiar with the ECW model. It could be condensed and rewritten in the more standard PowerPoint format.

There is also an ECW problem set LO that can used to supplement this LO.

PDF icon ECW Five slides about258.59 KB
File ECW Five slides about word doc43.44 KB
Learning Goals: 

After viewing the slides, students, when provided with appropriate data, should be able to:

  • Calculate sigma bond strength in Lewis acid-base adducts using Drago’s ECW model.
  • Show how to deal with any constant energy contribution (W) to the reaction of a particular acid (or base) that is independent of the base (or acid) when an adduct is formed.
  • Garner information regarding steric effects and pi bond stabilization energy in Lewis acid-base adducts using the ECW model.
  • Show using a graphic display of ECW that two parameters for each acid and each base are needed in acid-base models to determine relative strengths of donors and acceptors.
Evaluation Methods: 

This LO has not been used yet and evaluation information will be posted at a later date.

Creative Commons License: 
Creative Commons Licence


Inorganic textbooks have chapter(s) dealing with acid-base chemistry.  Why does this site not have a teaching resource called acid-base chemistry?

We're in the process of updating VIPEr and this will be easier to find with the website upgrade. For now, I recommend that you use the search feature to find acid-base. You'll find nearly 300 LOs. 

If you're on the page of an LO that is about acid-base chemistry, you can click on the topics covered acid-base "tag" and that will bring you to all LOs that the authors have identified as being about acid-base chemistry

Thank you for the reply.  When do you think the teaching resources will be updated to include Acid-Base Chemistry?

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