This activity guides students into building a Molecular Orbital diagram, which focuses on metal-centered orbitals of mostly d character, for a square pyramidal complex that includes different types of ligands. Students are then asked to "fill" the resulting orbitals with metal d electrons, and examine the stability of the complex.
Upon completing this activity, students will be able to....
-build a MO diagram for a square pyramidal complex.
-include the effect of ligands with sigma-donating, pi-donating and/or pi-accepting character.
Students should work in small groups of 3-4.