This is a lab experiment designed to cover an array of techniques, including metal complex synthesis, spectroscopy and electrochemistry. Overall, the goal is to synthesize the metal complex Ru(bpy)32+, exchange the counter ion to demonstrate changes in solubility, absorbance and emission properties (including excited state quenching through energy and electron transfer, and ground state oxidation), as well as cyclic voltammetry of the complex. It is a three week lab: Week 1 - Synthesis of the complex; Week 2 - Electronic spectroscopy of the complex; Week 3 - Electrochemistry of the complex.
After this laboratory experiment is complete a student should be able to explain "What are the possible processes that can occur when a molecule absorbs light?" In addition, they should be able to explain the many ways in which electron transfer can occur and different methods of studying electron transfer.
Chemicals: Ruthenium trichloride; 2,2'-bipyridine; NaOH pellets; 31% phosphinic acid; KCl; acetone; ammonium hexafluorophosphate; ether; hydroquinone; quinone; ammonium cerium(IV) nitrate; acetonitrile; tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate; ferrocene Supplies/Equipment: round bottom flask; reflux condenser; hose adapter; stir bar; hot plate; filter; beaker; nitrogen or argon line; IR spectrophotometer; UV/Visible spectrophotometer; Fluorimeter; disposable fluorimeter cells; 5 mL volumetric flasks; potentiostat
I have done this laboratory experiment twice. The experiment can be mixed and matched depending upon what you want to do!