An overview of descriptive main group chemistry, solid state structures and the energetics of ionic, metallic, and covalent solids, acid-base chemistry and the coordination chemistry of the transition metals. The course is intended to explore and describe the role of inorganic chemistry in other natural sciences with an emphasis on the biological and geological sciences. Important compounds and reactions in industrial chemistry are also covered. Intended for both chemistry and non-chemistry majors.
Students will be able to:
- compare and contrast covalent, ionic and metallic solids.
- convert between English and Metric system units.
- apply concepts from quantum theory to periodic trends in atomic properties such as atomic size, ionization energy, electronegativity and electron affinity
- calculate lattice energies using theoretical and experimental data.
- name and draw unique layers that compose common structure types of ionic solids.
- identify the closest packing system of a structure type by visual inspection.
- construct a three-dimensional model of a unit cell of a common structure type.
- visually identify tetrahedral holes and octahedral holes of each structure type.
- predict whether or not a cation will occupy the tetrahedral or octahedral hole.
- identify symmetry operations and the point group of a molecule.
- predict the structure of a molecule using theoretical chemical models.
- describe how X-rays are produced in a laboratory setting and why diffraction is used to study crystalline materials.
- interpret X-ray diffraction data to obtain information about unit cells of solid-state materials.
- search library databases to identify literature on a chemical topic.